The onset of hearing loss comes in two main forms. Sensorineural hearing loss is a deterioration of the inner ear, which causes the nerve to atrophy. Conductive hearing loss occurs with middle ear pathologies that would include perforated ear drums, infections and eustachian tube dysfunction. Mixed hearing loss includes a combination of both sensorineural and conductive hearing losses. Hearing aids are appropriate for sensorineural loss and conductive loss. However, there are certain conductive components that can be treated with medications or surgery.
Also known as nerve deafness, this type of hearing loss involves the deterioration of the inner ear. The tiny hairs that line the ear passage, and which carry sound, have been damaged. This type of loss is most commonly caused by prolonged exposure to high volume levels, bacterial and viral infections, fluid build-up, sudden trauma to the ear, and the normal aging process. Sensorineural hearing loss cannot be treated with medication or surgery. Hearing instruments are the best way to treat sensorineural hearing loss.
This type of hearing loss occurs when the inner ear does not properly receive sound signals. This type of hearing loss can be caused by injury to the middle ear cavity or ear canal. Conductive hearing loss can best be treated through medication and/or surgery. If surgery or medication is not an option for you, hearing instruments are an excellent solution to your hearing problem.
A mixed hearing loss is one that has both sensorineural and conductive components.
The inability to hear speech and other sounds can occur in any individual, regardless of race, gender or age. In the United States alone, an estimated 28 million people have some form of hearing impairment, and more than a million school-aged children have a hearing loss that can significantly impact speech/ language development and education. Hearing loss can be temporary or permanent, mild or profound. Fortunately, in most cases, something can be done to improve the hearing impaired person's ability to communicate. For many, the purchase of a hearing aid is the first step in rehabilitating their hearing and reconnecting with the world around them.